22+ Lose Pigment In Skin. And people with albinism do not produce enough melanin, resulting in little or no pigments in their bodies. Special cells in the skin make melanin.
Human skin color ranges in variety from the darkest brown to the lightest hues. Coloration (pigmentation) is determined by the amount of melanin in the skin. Vitiligo is a disorder in which white patches of skin appear on different parts of the body.
Melanin is the pigment that gives the skin its characteristic color.
Vitiligo is an autoimmune disease causing a loss of pigment from areas of the skin. The darker the skin, the more melanin it contains [source: Having extra pigment in some areas of skin is usually harmless but can sometimes indicate another medical condition. Visit howstuffworks to learn all about skin pigmentation.